ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) <p class="aboutus-text"><strong>ASIAN Journal of International Peace and Security (AJIPS)</strong> is an <strong>HEC recognized (Y category) </strong>quarterly [since 2021, previously biannual (2020 and annual 2017-2019)] double-blind peer-review research journal of the <strong>Foundation for Advancement of Independent Research and Learning for International Peace and Security (FAIRLIPS).</strong> The foundation aims to promote independent research and learning, both indispensable for securing international peace and security.</p> <p class="aboutus-text">The journal endeavors to advance the mission, principles, aims, and objectives of the foundation. It believes in the principles of strict adherence to objectivity, impartiality, and neutrality as well as access to truth and its transmission. Its main aim is to supplement the foundation’s objectives particularly: to create, promote and disseminate knowledge, and; to provide researchers from all over the world especially from the developing states such as Pakistan and other regional countries a forum to help publish their research on fast track basis.</p> Foundation for Advancement of Independent Research & Learning for International Peace & Security (FAIRLIPS) en-US ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) 2707-8809 Navigating the Intersection of Social Media and Countering Violent Extremism in Pakistan <p>In the fight against extremism, social media is becoming crucial for shaping public<br>opinion and promoting peace. Pakistan has a growing emphasis on building a counternarrative to combat extremism. This study focuses on the potential and effectiveness of<br>social media in promoting counter-narratives against extremism and combating<br>radicalization in Pakistan. The research emphasizes the role of various actors, such as<br>government institutions, journalists, and peacebuilders in? The data was collected<br>through questionnaires from 120 journalists and peacebuilders across Pakistan. The<br>results indicate that social media is a popular source of information but is considered<br>unreliable and inaccessible to many regions and populations. The analysis of social<br>media platforms emphasized the significance of reaching the appropriate audience<br>through the appropriate platform. In conclusion, the study shows that social media has<br>the potential to play a crucial role in countering extremism in Pakistan. However, both<br>government and non-government organizations need to harness its power effectively.<br>The study suggests that social media may not be sufficient in isolation and recommends<br>a multi-faceted approach that utilizes the strengths of various media sources. Further<br>research is required to explore ways to improve the use of social media for<br>peacebuilding goals.</p> Amber Javed Noor Elahi Bahadar Nawab Copyright (c) 2023 ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) 2023-04-15 2023-04-15 7 1 1 19 Identification of Personality Traits and Glass Ceiling Barriers Faced by Women Leaders in Pakistan <p>Worldwide, women constitute half of the world’s population. They are socialized as<br>inappropriate for certain leadership roles. Previous research demonstrated that<br>women have been believed as less ambitious than men, therefore, they have to face<br>invisible barrier of glass ceiling to their way of occupational promotion. This study<br>comprised two phases, researcher focused on 5 leadership domains and 2 participants<br>from each domain were selected through purposive sampling technique. The<br>personality profile of female leaders was explored by two personality assessment tools<br>including; Myers-Briggs Trait Inventory (MBTI) and Big Five Inventory (BFI). In the<br>second phase, in-depth interviews were conducted to explore the unseen barriers in<br>the life of women leaders. The result of the study I, revealed that the personality<br>preference types were associated with the nature of the job of the leaders, while<br>thinking and judgment were the most prevailing preferences among the female leaders.<br>Also, Big Five Inventory showed that every leader’s characteristics verily are highest<br>for specific indicator, depending on their profession. The analysis of study II identified<br>following hurdles and challenges faced by women leaders in different facets of political,<br>academic, entrepreneurial, organizational and student leaders throughout their lives in<br>Pakistan, i.e. lack of confidence, gender discrimination, in justice system, professional<br>jealousy, unsupportive family, and work-family imbalance.</p> Uzma Ashiq Khan Sarah Shahed Nazia Salah-ud-Din Maryam Zafar Copyright (c) 2023 ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) 2023-04-15 2023-04-15 7 1 20 35 Trans-Boundary Water Governance: An Urgent Need of the Formulation of Pak-Afghan Trans-Border Water Governance Mechanism <p>Trans-boundary watercourses drain larger parts and ensures the flow of fresh waters<br>in different parts of the world. In trans-boundary watercourses, upper-riparians have<br>an upper edge to deal with the water resources of the trans-border rivers while the<br>lower-riparians have a compromising position. Kabul River Basin is one of the major<br>trans-border water basins which drains the vast areas in Afghanistan and Pakistan.<br>Recently, uneven weather patterns and climate change worldwide affected the national<br>economies with an irreparable loss and created survival threat to human beings, and to<br>other species. Pakistan is considered as one of the most vulnerable countries to face the<br>impacts of the climate change. Dryness of fresh water resources is one of the impact of<br>climate change that will ultimately affect the Kabul River along with other rivers of<br>Pakistan. This study adopted qualitative research methodology by analyzing the<br>secondary data to address the main research question which revolves around the<br>adaptation of any formal water sharing mechanism between the two co-riparian<br>countries. The study concludes that Pakistan should initiate hydro-diplomacy with<br>Afghanistan, and enter into a formal bilateral trans-border water sharing treaty under<br>the guidelines of the UN Convention 1997.</p> Zahida Jabeen Muhamad Riaz Shad Jafar Nazir Copyright (c) 2023 ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) 2023-04-15 2023-04-15 7 1 36 48 Humanitarian Crisis and Failure of International Community: A Study of Plight of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar <p>The Rohingya refugee crisis is one of the world’s most terrible incidents, which has<br>been reported since 2012. Rakhine State Riot’s images shared on social media sparked<br>in a big manner globally. Since 2016, government forces have brutally killed thousands<br>of people. Organized mobs and army units have brutally handled and killed people.<br>However, this paper critically looks for insights into Rohingya’s historical and ethnic<br>linkage. The paper also looks at Myanmar’s regressive approach towards Rohingya and<br>the state’s actions. The paper used descriptive methodology, and regressive state<br>behaviour and analyzed the prosecution of Rohingya people through the human rights<br>approach. This paper analyzes how a world-renowned human rights face, Aun San Suu<br>Kyi, a winner of the Noble Peace Prize in 1991, neglected the issue of human rights. The<br>other aspect of the paper highlights neighbour countries like India and Bangladesh,<br>where these Rohingya refugees settled down under the UNHCR. The question is, why<br>did the UN and World powers have not taken action against the brutal regime<br>promptly? Why the world left them to suffer for so long, despite international human<br>rights agencies and neighbours even the Muslim and Islamic World’s effective<br>presence?</p> Syed Mohammad Raghib Kamran Naseem Copyright (c) 2023 ASIAN Journal of International Peace & Security (AJIPS) 2023-04-15 2023-04-15 7 1 49 58